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WHAT IS ALLERGIES?

ALLERGIES

Allergies occur when your immune system reacts to a foreign substance such as pollen, bee venom or pet dander.

Your immune system produces substances known as antibodies. When you have allergies, your immune system makes antibodies that identify a particular allergen as harmful, even though it isn't. When you come into contact with the allergen, your immune system's reaction can inflame your skin, sinuses, airways or digestive system.

The severity of allergies varies from person to person and can range from minor irritation to anaphylaxis, a potentially life-threatening emergency. While most allergies can't be cured, treatments can help relieve your allergy symptoms.

-Mayo Clinic-

All About Allergies

SYMPTOMS

Allergy symptoms, which depend on the substance involved, can affect your airways, sinuses and nasal passages, skin, and digestive system. Allergic reactions can range from mild to severe. In some severe cases, allergies can trigger a life-threatening reaction known as anaphylaxis.

CAUSES

COMMON ALLERGY TRIGGERS INCLUDE:

  • Airborne allergens, such as pollen, animal dander, dust mites and mold

  • Certain foods, particularly peanuts, tree nuts, wheat, soy, fish, shellfish, eggs and milk

  • Insect stings, such as from a bee or wasp

  • Medications, particularly penicillin or penicillin-based antibiotics

  • Latex or other substances you touch, which can cause allergic skin reactions

TREATMENT & CARE

You can treat allergy symptoms with over-the-counter and prescription medications, as well as allergy shots.

In general, there is no cure for allergies, but there are several types of medications available, both over-the-counter and prescription, to help ease and treat annoying symptoms like congestion and runny nose. These allergy drugs include antihistamines, decongestants, combination drugs, corticosteroids, and others.

Antihistamines have been used for years to treat allergy symptoms. They can be taken as pills, liquid, nasal spray, or eye drops. Over-the-counter (OTC) antihistamine eye drops can relieve red itchy eyes, while nasal sprays can be used to treat the symptoms of seasonal or year-round allergies.

Fur Particles Allergy
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